The authors have nothing to disclose. Black gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men often describe social isolation and lack of social support from Black communities and, in qualitative studies, have consistently reported the absence of organized communities and opportunities to connect with and support one another, citing homophobia and secrecy around same-sex behaviors as contributing factors [ 74 ]. Community connectedness appears to be protective against homo-negativity and homophobia and has been associated with psychological well-being in YBGBM [ 92 ]. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. Key intersecting identities of Young Black gay and bisexual men. While the Civil Rights Movement resulted in monumental legal changes for a country just years removed from slavery, African Americans continue to experience bias, discrimination and prejudice at all levels of society. Other work suggests YBGBM experience psychological benefit from church attendance and religious affiliation in spite of any homo-negative messages present in this social environment, and [ 48 ].
The authors have nothing to disclose.
Dense Social Networks Inhibit HIV Disparities Among Young Gay Black Men
In addition to the morality of homosexuality, the conflation of gender and sexuality in masculine socialization described above is also entwined in the homo-negative messages, [ 32 ] which further emasculates such men by making them incapable of meeting expectations for men in the church or in the larger community [ 3245 ]. This article uses an intersectionality framework to describe how multiple stigmatized social identities can create unique challenges for Young Black gay and bisexual men YBGBM as an example. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Explaining disparities in HIV infection among black and white men who have sex with men: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. Journal of Black Studies.
Review of racial identity terminology. Journal of Counseling Psychology. Homonegativity, substance use, sexual risk behaviors, and HIV status in poor and ethnic men who have sex with men in Los Angeles. Sexual minorities have similarly had barriers to care resulting from poor cultural competency and low provider knowledge of the health care needs of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender individuals [ 97 ]. Other work suggests YBGBM experience psychological benefit from church attendance and religious affiliation in spite of any homo-negative messages present in this social environment, and [ 48 ].